• Charudutta Panigrahi

Balakrushna Dash – the Renaissance Man of Odia Music


Sir Balakrushna Dash - Odia music composer

He defied the norm that “urbanites mainly compose modern music”. From a humble background, Sangeeta Sudhakara Balakrushna Dash, reached heights in Odia music in all forms – filmy & non-filmy. So confident he was of his craft that even in the big city Calcutta he was not shy or gauche. The overwhelming Bengali music and film didn’t wean him away from legitimate Odissi, chanda or bhajan (devotional songs). His career (singing to begin with) took off at Calcutta but he maintained his Odia exclusivity, and never inveigled himself into the Bengali wave. The title Sangeeta Sudhakar is apt for this genius whose music was modern and yet copybook, futuristic in orchestration and yet folksy. One can smell Odisha soil in his music. The lyrics he chose were tailor made to his punch – the impeccable mix of homemade and commercial. This repertoire came to him naturally and all his contemporaries and juniors have been overawed with his range of compositions in all these decades. He was a naturally gifted prodigy with a deep grounding in classical music, under the tutelage of greats like Ustad Bade Gulam Ali Khan. Sir’s early initiation into music in a place like Calcutta exposed him to different styles and penchants in singing, composition and finer elements like orchestration. Till he burst into Odia music scene, there was virtually nothing much happening in orchestration. No one experimented with limited instruments and limited sequencing in films, the way he did. His music transformed film viewing. S.D.Burman and Balakrushna Dash had a similar indistinguishable knack in transforming folk tunes and traditional lyrics to catchy melody, irrespective of language or filmy demands. I have heard from my father, who had written lyrics for him, that Balakrushna Sir was a polymath in music – his grasp of the sequence of the scene and the befitting mood was unique and unparalleled. All of the twenty-two films where he has scored were musical hits. His hit rate was cent percent, reflecting the depth of his understanding of various genres.


Balakrushna Sir used folk fervour, never ever waivered Odia intensity and yet gave hit after hits – almost a run of about 15 films nonstop, back to back hits. He was the first experimenter of Odia music, the composer who brought in authentic western style to filmy music, used instruments like piano and trumpet in early 60’s and at the same time engrossed himself full time in Radio – with Odissi, Drama, Bhajan, classical and even theatre. Sometimes unprepared, unrehearsed he would have a perfect single take of difficult compositions. Such was the genius that even a well-known, maverick lifestyle could not dent this avantgarde composer. A bohemian with deep roots in Odissi culture, a teacher known as an institution builder, Balakrushna Dash’s school was instrumental in developing a cadre of successful music makers. He was the guru who had innovations in every composition, almost. The industry rivalries of his times notwithstanding, his creativity was unmatched, conceded by his severest critics. Rumour mongers were more interested in scheming stories about his personal life in Calcutta and other places. But the string of hits – NuaBou, Sadhana, Amada Bata, Adina Megha were of national character. But for the language they could have seamlessly been pan India in effect. His own renditions of 'Sanginire Rasa Ranginire (writing of 18th century poet Gopalakrushna Padavali (Patnaik) and Thaka Mana Chala Jiba (writing of 17th century poet, Saria Bhika) are considered references in Odia culture, starting from dance to drama. Former Chief Minister of Odisha and Litterateur Nandini Satpathy wrote the sleeve notes of the LP and Odisha’s celebrated painter and artiste Dinanth Pathy designed the cover of the LP. Our culture carries such inspirational stories of exceptional teamwork in collective promotion of Odisha culture and art in various forms. Music was mentored, nurtured and coloured by Balakrushna Dash, unprecedented, independent and free spirited. I have heard this from Akshaya Mohanty that at one point Balakrushna Dash was the treat of Calcutta music scene, language agnostic. He was one of the most dominant music makers of east India – with fusion, folk and future.


Listen to Mana Manena (NuaBou) by Shipra Bose, Nayana Sunayanare (Sadhana) by Pranab Patnaik, Aei Bhara Janharati, Jochana Luchana and realise the depth of our tunes, even if it is filmy music. I am convinced that we are responsible for the younger generations distancing themselves from legitimate Odia music, because we have kept them away. They deserve better. They deserve to be told about the distinctive greatness of Odia music, created by the iconic Balakrushna Dash.


His music defined Odia culture.


Do we not deserve at least a Padma award on his behalf - Balakrushna Dash, the avantgarde, sudhakar (source of nectar), renaissance man of Odia music? Last I saw his statue near Rabindra Mandap required repair work which we completed, as a motely group of music buffs.


Apathy & tokenism in culture is a prescription for social crisis. No one in the civil society can escape.


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Charudutta Panigrahi

Author & Futurist


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